Loss of Appetite (Anorexia)
What is Loss of Appetite (Anorexia)
Loss of Appetite (Anorexia) is the decreased sensation of appetite. While the term in non-scientific publications is often used interchangeably with anorexia nervosa, many possible causes exist for a decreased appetite, some of which may be harmless, while others indicate a serious clinical condition or pose a significant risk.
For example, loss of appetite or anorexia of infection is part of the acute phase response (APR) to infection. The APR can be triggered by lipopolysaccharides and peptidoglycans from bacterial cell walls, bacterial DNA, and double-stranded viral RNA, and viral glycoproteins, which can trigger production of a variety of proinflammatory cytokines. These can have an indirect effect on appetite by a number of means, including peripheral afferents from their sites of production in the body, by enhancing production of leptin from fat stores. Inflammatory cytokines can also signal to the central nervous system more directly by specialized transport mechanisms through the blood-brain barrier, via circumventricular organs (which are outside the barrier), or by triggering production of eicosanoids in the endothelial cells of the brain vasculature. Ultimately the control of appetite by this mechanism is thought to be mediated by the same factors normally controlling appetite, such as neurotransmitters (serotonins, dopamine, histamine, norepinephrine, corticotrophin releasing factor,neuropeptide Y, and alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone)
Clinically important causes of Loss of Appetite or Anorexia
*Acute radiation syndrome *Acute viral hepatitis *Addison’s disease * Atypical pneumonia (mycoplasma)*AIDS* Anorexia nervosa *Anxiety disorder *Appendicitis *Cancer *Chronic pain *Chronic kidney disease *Congestive cardiac failure (may be due to congestion of the liver wit venous blood) *Crohn’s disease *Dehydration *Dementia *Drug addiction *Hypervitaminosis D *Metabolic disorders,particularly urea cycle disorders *Mood disorders and moods which arise from them both depression and mania *Sickness behavior *Superior mesenteric artery syndrome *Tuberculosis *Thalassemia *Ulcerative colitis *Zinc deficiency
Certain Drugs causing Loss of Appetite or Anorexia
Amphetamine,dextroamphetamine,Lisdexamphetamine *Antidepressants may cause Loss of Appetite or Anorexia as a side effect *Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors* Byetta ,a Type II Diabetes drug will cause moderate nausea and Loss of Appetite or Anorexia * Dexmethylphenidate* Abrupt withdrawl of appetite-increasing drugs such as cannabis and corticosteroids Methylamphetamine (in treatment of ADHD and narcolepsy)*Methylphenidate *Chemicals that are members of the phenethylamine group *Stimulants such as caffeine,nicotine and cocaine *Topiramate (as a side effect)*Opiates act upon the digestive system and can reduce the physical sensation of hunger in the same way that they reduce physical sensation of pain.They also frequently cause delayed gastric emptying (gastroparesis) and can sometimes lead changes in metabolism with long-term use.
Other conditions that cause Loss of Appetite or Anorexia
*During the post-operative recovery period for a tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy, it is
common for adult patients to experience a lack of appetite until their throat significantly
heals (usually between 10–14 days). * Altitude sickness *Significant emotional pain caused by an event (rather than mental disorder) can cause an individual to temporarily lose all interest in food *Physical exercise *Experiencing grotesque or unappealing thoughts or conversations, or viewing similar images* Being in presence of unappealing things such as waste matter, dead organisms or foul smells
Measures and treatments best to treat Loss of Appetite or Anorexia
The patient should be transferred to comfortably acceptable zone away from unappealing conditions or scenes or smells.
prepared by Yamuna Pharmacy is best taste sensation restorer during and after fevers, infections and course of analgesics and or antibiotics and chemo remedies without side effects.
is a sweet herbal liquid for oral ingestion.
enhances activity of taste buds in mouth, improves activity of salivary glands resulting in restoration of tastefulness in mouth
promotes appetite in natural way and helps generate thought for food.
Composition of Sameerna syrup
comprises Nimbuksatva and Gandhakamla dissolved in Arq Saunf with syrup base.
Dose of Sameerna syrup
is taken in the dose of 3 to 4 teaspoonful three times a day with potable water.
Recommended dose of Sameerna syrup for children
Dose of Sameerna syrup for the children is 1 teaspoonful three times a day with potable water
Catasyn syrup comprising Papaya, Shunthi,Kachoor,Vidang,Kapoor kachri ,Ajwain, Pippali, Nagarmotha ,Ajwain satva and Podina satva etc.is the drug of for improvement in and stimulation of appetite.
Dose of Catasyn syrup
Catasyn syrupis taken in the dose of 1 to 2 teaspoonful three times a day with potable water for 30 to 40 days
Best treatment available for the Autoimmune Disorder
GULVALEX capsule Giloy capsules is the pure extract of Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia).These capsules are natural, herbal and completely safe Ayurvedic formulation. This herbal remedy builds strong immune system. It is a potent anti inflammatory and blood purifier. All the parts of this herb are beneficial. The stem attends the fever, irritation of the eyes and blood impurities. The root is effective in leprosy while the leaves are effective in rheumatism. It is also very effective to fight against the autoimmune disorders. The uses of these capsules are varied and versatile.
Dosage: 2 capsules twice or thrice a day with warm water after meals.
HEMOCLIN tablets :2 tablets twice or thrice a day for 30 to 40 days with warm water to contain skin diseases caused by Auto Immune Disorders.
VIGOPROT granules 2 teaspoonful twice a day to replenish the energy lost due to viral, bacterial, chemical toxicities.
Aarogya Vardhini Vati (500mg): 1 to 2 tablets twice or thrice a day for 30 to 40 days with warm water.
DYNOGESIC Liniment: For local application on painful, inflammed rheumatoid affections.
EPIDERMOIL: For local application on psoriatic lesions caused by Auto Immune Disorders.