Swollen Lymph Nodes
What are LYMPH NODES
Lymph Nodes are also called lymph glands and are the integral part of immune system. They are present all over the body but more prominent in neck regions, groin, chin, behind ears and armpits. Lymph nodes are visible when they are enlarged or swollen. Major causes of swollen lymph nodes problem are due to infections like bacteria, viruses and parasites. There are varieties of infections, injuries or tumors which are responsible for swollen lymph nodes
Causes of SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES
1.Streptococcus (Bacteria) infections in throat.
2.Infections in ear.
4.Suppressed immune system due to HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) which results in AIDS.
5.Viral infections by paramyxovirus that cause measles.
7.Skin infections (Cellulitis).
8.Syphilis which is a sexually transmitted disease.
9.Lupus it is the condition when body’s immune system start attacking body’s joints and blood cells.
10.Parasitic infections (Toxoplasmosis) can also be the cause of swollen lymph nodes.
11.Cancer of immune cells.
12.Cancer of lymphatic system (Leukemia).
Symptoms of SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES
1.Pain in lymph nodes.
2.Enlargement of lymph nodes.
3.Fever, runny nose, fever and infections of upper respiratory tracts.
4.Immune system complications like mononulceosis, HIV and rheumatoid arthritis.
5.Immune system complications like mononulceosis, HIV and rheumatoid arthritis.
Diagnostic measures for SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES
Medical history – Doctors study the patient’s medical history. Doctor tries to know that when the swollen lymph nodes developed and symptoms associated with them.
Physical examination – Doctor observes the lymph nodes on the surface of skin which helps to diagnose the under beneath causes of problem.
Blood tests – Blood tests are done to detect the infections caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites.
X – Ray and CT (computerized tomography)- is used to identify the affected regions.
Lymph node biopsy is also done for diagnostic purposes.
What is the cause of SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES
Swollen lymph nodes are generally due to bacterial infections, viral infections, parasitic infestation and suppressed immune system.
Treatment of SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES
HEMOCLIN tablet: 2 tablets three to four times a day for 30 to 40 days with clean potable water.
Aarogya Vardhini Vatee (Mfd.by Yamuna Pharmacy in blister pack): 1 tablet three to four times a day for 30 to 40 days with plenty of clean potable water.
Kaanchnaar Guggulu (Mfd.by Yamuna Pharmacy): 3 to 4 tablets for 30 to 40 days with clean potable water.
For allaying redness, tenderness of the lesions as per need and requirements, EPIDERMOIL or DYNOGESIC liniment are used as local application.